The Royal Award for Modern Painting is an incentive award that was created to encourage talented young painters who are active in the Netherlands in their artistic development.
The Award was instituted in 1871 by HM King William III. After King William III it was continued by Queen Emma, Queen Wilhelmina, Queen Juliana and Queen Beatrix. They turned this into a true royal tradition. In the year 2013 King Willem-Alexander continued this tradition by presenting the Award in the Royal Palace Amsterdam.
Dutch artists who practise the visual arts as independent professionals and who are under thirty-five years old of age as of January 2018 are eligible to compete for the Royal Award for Modern Painting 2018.